Raymond O. Aghaian

1801 Century Park East Suite 2300, Los Angeles, CA USA 90067

701 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Suite 200, Washington, DC USA 20004


Ray Aghaian focuses his practice on high-stakes complex litigation, cybersecurity, and data privacy and internal investigations. Ray is an experienced trial lawyer and a former federal prosecutor and serves as co-chair of the Cybersecurity, Privacy and Data Governance Practice at Kilpatrick. Ray is a recipient of the prestigious CLAY Award (California Lawyer Attorney of the Year) and his experience in the area of cybersecurity has been recognized by the National Law Journal, where he was selected as one of the nation's "Trailblazers." On two occasions, the Los Angeles Business Journal recognized Ray as one of the “Most Influential Minority Lawyers” and one of the “Most Influential Lawyers in White Collar & Cyber Crimes Law.” Ray has been recognized as a Top Southern California “Super Lawyer” for White Collar Criminal Defense by Super Lawyers magazine every year for the past 10 years, listed by The Best Lawyers in America® in 2023 and 2024 for White-Collar Criminal Defense, and has been prominently ranked by US Legal 500 in the area of trade secrets and other surveys in the area of white collar criminal defense. As a federal prosecutor, Ray was nominated for the prestigious Attorney General’s Award, the highest award in the Department of Justice, and received special recognition by FBI Director, Robert S. Mueller III. Ray has also appeared before senior officials at the White House on behalf of a client. One of Ray's data privacy battles with the Justice Department was featured in hundreds of news outlets, including the editorial section of the New York Times.

Cybersecurity & Privacy
Ray brings forth his trial advocacy and litigation background in litigating complex privacy and cybersecurity matters. Ray also advises clients on cybersecurity issues, including investigating and responding to cyber-attacks and data breaches, assessing and securing computer networks before any breach, mitigating the risk of liability, and ensuring compliance with cybersecurity standards. Ray also advises electronic communication service providers and other entities on privacy issues relating to the CLOUD Act, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, including the Stored Communication Act (“SCA”), the Wiretap Act, the PROTECT Act, and FISA and assists clients in responding to National Security Letters and subpoenas requesting customer data while ensuring compliance with EU-US Privacy Shield mandates. Ray’s notable privacy and cybersecurity engagements include leading the representation of:

  • Defending a class action litigation in federal court involving allegations of improper use and downstream sale of consumer geolocation data including challenges to terms of service.
  • Prosecuting an action against a Fortune 500 entity in federal court for breach of fiduciary duties, negligence and other related claims based on the defendant wiring millions of dollars to hackers without authorization or consent.
  • Defending multiple matters relating to the collection and use of consumer data through Meta Pixel involving allegations of privacy invasion, intrusion upon seclusion and violations of the Wiretap Act and CIPA.
  • Defending matters relating to the collection and use of consumer data through web beacons involving alleged violations of the California trap and trace device laws and CIPA.
  • Successfully recovered over $2,000,000 in a complex spoofing scheme from the hackers’ bank account after the hackers transferred the funds from the client’s account.
  • DreamHost, an electronic communications service provider, in successful litigation against the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) in a highly-publicized privacy battle, wherein the Court ultimately precluded the DOJ from obtaining information about individuals visiting and communicating with the political advocacy website DisruptJ20 in relation to the Inauguration Day protests.
  • Advising Snap, Facebook, MailChimp and other Electronic Communication Service providers on a host of privacy and ECPA / SCA related issues to include the interplay of subscriber data with generative AI.
  • Defending a Department of Defense contractor in a post data breach matter involving access and acquisition of Personally Identifiable Information and sensitive U.S. State Department data which led to the disclosure of the breach within the U.S. and other countries worldwide.
  • Counseling one of the world’s largest ride-sharing services on data collection and cybersecurity standards in relation to operation of vehicles in the United States.
  • Assisting one of the nation's largest property management companies in consulting and assessing their cybersecurity infrastructure.
  • Representing an Am Law 100 law firm in a post data breach matter.
  • Representing a healthcare technology company in midst of an active request for ransom under a threat of repeated DDoS attacks.
  • Defending an avionics firm involving the unauthorized access of data and exfiltration of $70 million worth of trade secrets where the trade secrets were disclosed to competitors.
  • Representing a national retailer wherein the merchant bank and card brands identified the client as a Common Point of Purchase in purported point of sale theft of credit card data requiring an audit and analysis of the client's systems wherein the card brands and merchant bank reversed the CPP designation.
  • Defending an international organization of professionals in a post breach matter involving the potential acquisition and access of Personally Identifiable Information for more than 350,000 members worldwide.
  • Defending a Department of Defense contractor involving the acquisition of sensitive military data by a nation state actor and limiting NCIS access and scope of review of the client's database.
  • Assisting a national fast-food retailer involving the theft of credit card data.
  • Counseling a web and cloud hosting company in assessing and securing their computer networks.
  • Defending a national claims management company in threatened litigation involving multiple plaintiffs in a post data breach matter involving Personal Health Information and successfully resolved the matter before the public filling of the complaint.
  • Counseling clients on preparing and assessing incident response and breach response plans.

Government Enforcement & Corporate Investigations
Ray has represented numerous companies and corporate executives in a variety of internal investigations and white collar defense matters, involving: bribery, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), procurement fraud relating to government contractors, the False Claims Act, ITAR and other export control violations, the Lacey Act, misbranded and adulterated drugs in violation of FDA regulations, embezzlement and fraud under the federal mail and wire fraud statutes. Ray has also developed an expertise in the area of trade sanctions imposed by the United States and advises companies accordingly. Ray's notable engagements in the area of government enforcement and corporate investigations include:

  • Representing the payor of the largest purported bribe payment of $6,500,000 in the Varsity Blues college admissions scandal.
  • Representing the CTO of one of the largest international cryptocurrency exchange platforms involving a multinational investigation relating to inaccessible or missing cryptocurrency of 115,000 customers.
  • Defending against a FINRA Department of Enforcement action of a broker wherein FINRA dismissed entirely the enforcement action without any penalties or disciplinary action.
  • Representing one of the national laboratories in an internal investigation relating to one of the greatest environmental disasters in U.S. history.
  • Counseling multinational companies on various sanctions related issues and assisting a company with relocation of offices from Russia in light of OFAC sanctions.
  • Representing an international management and construction firm with more than $2 billion dollars of annual revenues in relation to an investigation of pending corruption charges against local officials.
  • Represented the in-house counsel of a publicly held company in relation to the over $10 billion dollar acquisition of a foreign company pertaining to allegations of accounting improprieties and overt misrepresentations. No charges were filed against the client.
  • Obtaining a deferred prosecution agreement for the president of a government contractor in relation to an alleged multimillion dollar criminal False Claims Act and obstruction of justice violations after criminal charges were brought forth by the government.
  • Representing a Fortune 200 company in a government investigation involving allegations of export control violations.
  • Representation of a Native American tribe in relation to a government investigation relating to allegations of fraud, embezzlement, misuse of federal proceeds, and accounting improprieties.
  • Obtaining dismissal of criminal proceedings after uncovering evidence of public corruption in relation to the arrest and initiation of criminal charges brought against the client.
  • Representing a publicly traded aerospace company relating to an FBI international investigation involving alleged ITAR violations.
  • Representing a subject of a government investigation involving the $19 billion judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio litigation.
  • Representing the “tippee” of a publicized insider trading prosecution wherein the tippee traded on the insider information, but was ultimately not charged and testified as a witness at tipper’s trial.
  • Representing one of the largest aircraft ground handling companies in an internal investigation involving the arrest of employees in the dry-ice bombings in LAX.
  • Obtaining dismissal of all criminal proceedings against a corporate officer involving allegations of embezzlement and accounting fraud amounting to approximately $800,000 after the arrest and execution of a search warrant.
  • Representing an international insurance company with more than 1,800 employees and more than 1,000 independent brokers in an internal investigation involving fraud and breach of contract by vendors.
  • Representing a defendant post-conviction in a federal jury trial and obtaining a sentence of only three months incarceration after defendant was convicted on multiple counts of obstruction of justice and where co-defendant was sentenced to 24 months on the same counts of conviction. Thereafter, obtained a stay of the sentence pending conclusion of appeal.
  • Obtained a sentence of home detention in representing a manufacturer of health food, nutritional supplements, and cosmetic products against allegations for violations of the Lacey Act, false labeling, money laundering, and U.S. Customs violations.
  • Representing a city council member in an FBI public corruption investigation (no charges filed).
  • Representing a former corporate officer in relation to violations of the FCPA.
  • Representing the prime target in the highly publicized Moreno Valley City Council federal corruption investigation and convinced the government to not pursue charges against the client.
  • Defending a principal of a medical provider in relation to allegations of Medicare fraud and kickbacks involving the highest amount of false Medicare billings in a single healthcare fraud takedown in United States strike force history.
  • Representing a former Los Angeles County public official in relation to potential charges of corruption and conflicts of interest violations (no charges filed).
  • Representing a medical doctor involving allegations of obtaining misbranded and adulterated drugs in violation of FDA regulations.
  • Represented a multinational entity in relation to an investigation by the FAA for violations in transporting hazardous material.

Complex Civil Litigation & Disputes
Some of Ray's engagements where he has served as lead trial counsel in complex civil litigation and disputes include:

  • Convinced the trial court to reverse two tentative rulings on a motion for demurrer on fraud and breach of fiduciary duty and obtained dismissal without leave to amend on both counts in a complex multi-party fraud related litigation.
  • Representing a Fortune 10 telecommunications company in prosecuting multiple lawsuits filed in federal courts across the country against various unauthorized dealers relating to unauthorized access and unlocking of cell phones, fraud, and trademark infringement.
  • Representing the assignee in an ABC litigation relating to the assignment of the infamous $165 million-dollar vertically integrated cannabis operation, the Genius Fund, upon the death of the owner.
  • Defending a class action litigation in federal court involving alleged violations of the TCPA and the California Consumer Legal Remedies Act.
  • Defending a prestigious tennis club in relation to allegations of harassment based on purported exposure to prostitution and successfully resolved the matter after uncovering violations of the wire act and computer fraud and abuse act by claimants. Overturned a default judgment six years after entry and successfully resolved the litigation involving allegations of fraud, breach of fiduciary duties and self-dealing relating to investment funds, corporate share and company control.
  • Defending a contractor in relation to a groundwater remediation subcontract involving a public facility.
  • Defending one of the most prolific NFL players in a litigation involving allegations of fraud, breach of fiduciary duty and money laundering relating to a cannabis startup.
  • Represented the purchasers of securities in obtaining an $8 million-dollar federal securities fraud judgment involving violations of Rule 10b-5.
  • Representing investors in a federal securities fraud lawsuit involving a $7 million media investment contract.
  • Defending a property management company in a lawsuit, both as defendant and cross complainant, involving allegations of fraud and theft of trade secrets.
  • Representing a director and shareholder of a government contractor in a $32 million dollar lawsuit by the former CEO and Chairman of the company.
  • Defending a professional fiduciary services provider in a lawsuit involving allegations of fraud and foreclosing media coverage of the alleged conduct.
  • Representing a property management company in a lawsuit involving a breach of a lease agreement by a law firm.
  • Representing a cable television network in a lawsuit involving breach of contract and injunctive relief against one of the largest cable operators in the United States.

Government Experience
As a federal prosecutor with the Cyber & Intellectual Property Crimes Section of the U.S. Attorney’s Office, Ray helped lead the U.S. Justice Department’s efforts in investigating and prosecuting an array of white collar crimes, including cyber intrusions and DDoS attacks, copyright and trademark infringement, healthcare fraud, theft of trade secrets, bribery, mail, wire and bank fraud, money laundering, tax evasion, and mortgage fraud. Ray has also briefed and argued a number of cases before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Ray was nominated for the prestigious Attorney General’s Award, the highest award in the Department of Justice, and has received numerous accolades from various federal law enforcement agencies, including:

  • Special Recognition by FBI Director, Robert S. Mueller III
  • Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE) Director's Award for Excellence
  • Housing & Urban Development Inspector General's Award for Excellence
  • ICE Assistant Director's Award for Excellence
  • FBI Los Angeles Special Agent in Charge Award for Outstanding Service
  • IRS-Criminal Investigations Los Angeles Special Agent in Charge Award for Outstanding Service
  • Department of Labor Los Angeles Special Agent in Charge Award for Outstanding Service

Examples of some of Ray's prosecutions and investigations as a federal prosecutor, include:

  • Leading the highly publicized multi-agency public corruption prosecution of an Assistant Chief Counsel at ICE on charges of bribery, obstruction of justice and tax evasion. As a result of securing a guilty verdict on every count at trial, Ray obtained one of the longest federal corruption sentences of a public official in United States history.
  • Leading the prosecution of co-conspirators involved in one of the largest Medicare fraud schemes ever perpetrated by a single criminal enterprise amounting to approximately $160 million of Medicare fraud proceeds.
  • Leading the prosecution of a multi-million dollar and multi-agency international cyber-crime scheme perpetrated by an international criminal enterprise resulting in the first ever arrest and prosecution of a defendant designated as a “Top International Criminal Organization Target.”
  • Leading the prosecution of cyber-attacks launched against a celebrity rock and roll legend by members of an international cyber hacking group.
  • Leading the prosecution of a corporate CEO/accountant for filing false corporate tax returns resulting in a $700,000 tax loss to the United States.
  • Prosecuting a $29 million multi-agency mortgage fraud and bank fraud conspiracy orchestrated by a 100-employee brokerage firm.
  • Prosecution of the importation and attempted sale of counterfeit designer apparel and jewelry from China exceeding a retail value of $20 million.
  • Leading the prosecution of a defendant for making death threats against a federal judge.
  • Appointed commissioner pursuant to Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties and assisted foreign law enforcement officials in international corruption prosecutions in the United States.

University of California, Hastings College of the Law J.D. (2001) Hastings International & Comparative Law Review, Member

University of California, Santa Barbara B.A. (1997)


California (2001)

District of Columbia (2002)

Court Admissions

U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Central District of California

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

U.S. District Court for the Central District of California

U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California

U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California


Supreme Court of California - Honorable Marvin Baxter

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