Stephen M. Anstey
Senior Associate

701 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Suite 200, Washington, DC USA 20004


Stephen Anstey is an attorney and member of Kilpatrick’s Generative AI and Digital Assets & Distributed Ledger Technology practices as well as the Firm’s Government & Regulatory, Fintech, Native American Affairs, and Energy teams. Stephen also founded and leads the Kilpatrick Artificial Intelligence, Digital Assets, & Distributed Ledger Technology Regulation Blog. His practice focuses on artificial intelligence, energy, sustainability, ESG, Tribal law, distributed ledger technology (including blockchain), and digital assets (cryptocurrencies, stablecoins, tokenization, and central bank digital currencies (CBDCs)). Stephen also has expertise relating to the implementation and administration of the Executive Order on the Safe, Secure, and Trustworthy Development and Use of Artificial Intelligence, the $1.2 trillion Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, the $280 billion CHIPS Act, and the $433 billion Inflation Reduction Act (IRA). In addition, he has worked extensively on pro bono civil rights cases, including discrimination and LGBTQIA+ matters.

Regulatory and Public Policy
Stephen advises his clients on federal regulatory and policy matters affecting numerous industries, including artificial intelligence, renewable energy, conventional energy, sustainability, ESG, agriculture, health care, housing, telecommunications, hospitality, infrastructure, digital assets, and distributed leger technology. He supports his clients throughout the entire regulatory process, ensuring their interests are met in federal agency rulemaking (including public solicitations such as agency requests for comment/information) and program administration.

Stephen also counsels his clients on federal program requirements, funding opportunities, eligibility, and compliance standards. He has helped his clients advocate for and effectuate change on regulatory matters concerning the Department of the Treasury, Department of Commerce, Internal Revenue Service, Securities and Exchange Commission, Commodity Futures Trading Commission, Department of Agriculture, Environmental Protection Agency, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Reclamation, Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, and Federal Emergency Management Agency.

Artificial Intelligence, Digital Assets, and Distributed Ledger Technology
Stephen advises on artificial intelligence, digital assets, and distributed ledger technology regulation, development, compliance, legislation, and administration, as well as related topics. He founded and leads the Kilpatrick Artificial Intelligence, Digital Assets, & Distributed Ledger Technology Regulation Blog. The blog covers the development of artificial intelligence, digital assets, and distributed ledger technology regulation, policy, and use cases.

Stephen counsels his clients on regulatory, tax incentive, and grant programs across the energy sphere. He represents and supports his clients on broad energy development and financing initiatives concerning various sectors, including energy storage, chemicals, carbon, capture and sequestration, biofuels, sustainable aviation fuels, solar, wind, hydropower, and hydrogen.

Native American Affairs
Stephen represents his Tribal clients on a broad range of legal and regulatory issues. His litigation experience includes cases concerning rights-of-way, energy, water rights, contract disputes, and treaty rights. He has represented clients before federal courts throughout the country, including the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit and the U.S. Court of Federal Claims. He has also represented clients before federal agency adjudicatory bodies like the Interior Board of Indian Appeals. Additionally, Stephen counsels his clients on federal grant and financing initiatives. He has helped his clients secure significant federal funding and navigate issues related to climate change, broadband and technology, energy, agriculture, infrastructure, water, hospitality, disaster and crisis response, and Tribal government services.

Education and Accolades
Stephen earned his LL.M. from Harvard Law School and his J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School. Prior to receiving his LL.M., he was one of approximately 20 law school graduates from around the world accepted into the Harvard Law School Graduate Program as a Visiting Researcher.

Stephen was recognized as one of the "Best Lawyers: Ones to Watch" in 2022 for Native American Law and again in 2023 and 2024 for Commercial Litigation and Native American Law by The Best Lawyers in America®. He was also recognized as a Washington D.C. “Rising Star” in 2024, and the five years immediately preceding, for Native American Law by Super Lawyers magazine. Additionally, U.S. News & World Report and Best Lawyers selected Kilpatrick as the 2020 “Law Firm of the Year” for Native American Law and Best Law Firms ranked Kilpatrick Tier 1 in Native American Law for 2024. JD Supra recognized the article "Japan Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) – Bank of Japan Completes Proof of Concept and Begins Pilot for Japanese CBDC" co-authored by Stephen with its “JD Supra Readers' Choice Award” as one of its top ten read finance and banking articles in 2024.




Harvard Law School LL.M. (2016)

University of Michigan Law School J.D. (2013)

University of Connecticut B.A. (2010) Political Science


District of Columbia

Court Admissions

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit (2021)

U.S. Court of Federal Claims (2018)

U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia (2017)

U.S. District Court for the District of North Dakota (2019)

U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas (2018)

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